Grimoire.js is WebGL framework for Web development in short.
Currently, WebGL designing require highly developed graphics knowledge and is very difficult to co-work in previous Web development flow.
Grimoire.js is the framework that enables these design in Previous web development flow, Minimal codes, Very easy and effective and Production level.
Previous libraries to use WebGL is mostly focusing on game development not Web applications.
Most of them are just ported API’s grown in game development field and Web designers need to adopt them to follow that culture. And that culture is vastly differ from common web development culture.
WebGL has infinity visualization possibility. However, it can’t be used as easy as images or videos.
But, you can, if your development using Grimoire.js.
Several samples are available using Grimoire.js.
You need to make simple HTML to use Grimoire.js. Then, you can link Grimoire.js with the following tag.
This script is not
pureGrimoire.js. This file includes several plugins you might need to use.
If you need minified scirpt file or you want to use npm, please check Installation page.
Grimoire.js use simple markup file to configure initial state of the canvas. This markup language is called as
Let’s write the code below in your html.
Grimoire.js try to read
<script> element specified
type='text/goml' and insert
<canvas> element at the same position.
Let’s modify position attribute on
<mesh>. You might realized you could moved the mesh.
All Grimoire.js objects can be operated just like HTML elements.
Loading GOML files
<script>element, you can specify
src='URL of GOML file'to load GOML file from out side.
In this tutorial, we use embedded GOML file, but we strongly recommend not to do so but link them.
You can use multiple canvases with 2 goml codes in same way.
Then, you can see that the color of a mesh in the one of the canvas are changed after 1 secound.
If you have used
jQuery ever, you would notice that this API is very similar to jQuery API.
Waiting for initialized timing
When you pass a function to
gras an argument, the function would be called after initializing grimoire.
When you pass a string which is query string for the
gras an argument, the returned object is the interface to manipulate nodes in releated canvas.
And you can query in the goml same way. In the example above, the queried objects are whole mesh included in the script quried with
Acutually, the most important aspect of grimoire is not the feature we can write in almost same way as Web development.
Even we develop good abstraction for WebGL to use in same way as web development, WebGL has tons of possibility to visualize. It is impossible that we prepare all tags for every web engineers.
However, component system of grimoire gives us good solution.
Let’s see the GOML code below. Grimoire.js treat tags as nodes constructing tree structure.
But, the syntax
<camera.components> is not ordinary tag but the syntax to append a component to
The appended component
<MouseCameraControl> is the component to operate positions and rotation with mouse operation.
In grimoire, nodes are including several modules called as component. In other words, nodes are just a container containing some components.
<mesh> tag contains
Transform component managing positions or rotations and
MeshRenderer component managing rendering meshes by default.
As another example,
<camera> tag contains
Transform component and
Camera component managing camera feature to project scene.
Node names means what is default components are bound and what is the default values for the attributes.
By adding some components to node, you can append a
behaviour to the object.
You can create component also.
Rotate component to rotate a mesh.
You can register component with
gr.registerComponent. We don’t touch with component system in deeply here, but you can declare parameters which this component can receive.
These parameters are called
attribute. In this example, the attribute
speed is number type and default value is 1.
You can simply link script tag with the code below.
Make sure you need to load script tag after grimoire.js loaded.
12 <script src="https://unpkg.com/grimoirejs-preset-basic/register/grimoire-preset-basic.js"></script><script src="./index.js"></script>
This figure describes lifecycle of a component. You don’t need to understand now correctly, but this figure would be helpful in future.
The functions begins with
$ are called
message handler, and these are called in specific timings in component lifecycle.
If you need a lot of rotated mesh, the examples are inconvenient.
You can declare new node
rotated-mesh which is originally
mesh tag and just attached with
These examples are only describes core features of grimoire in short. All components or nodes implemented in default are made with same way. There are no exception.
You might have understood basic concept of Grimoire.
Let’s begin to learn Grimoire more with tutorial.